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2008奥运知识——北京历史-奥运知识

2007-09-18 17:42:09 来源:未知

Lying on the north tip of the North China Plain, Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. 43.5 meters above sea level, Beijing covers an area of 16,808 square kilometers and has a population of 12 million. Under the city's jurisdiction there are 10 districts and 8 counties, among which Dongcheng District, Xicheng District, Chongwen District and Xuanwu District within the Second Ring Road are the inner city in the traditional sense.
环球雅思-中国第一雅思品牌 名师阵容
国内最大的连锁外语培训机构,被评为全国十大知名学校,连续多年荣膺中国最具影响力培训集团称号...
北京新航道学校-胡敏“中国雅思之父”
多所世界名校,可根据意愿选择留学国家与学校、国内两年、国外两年,节省大量费用与一年学习时间
北京雅思学校-刘洪波、张皓亲自授课
北雅 IELTS 培训基地是全国最早、最权威进行 IELTS 考试培训研究的专业化、正规化机构,强大的师资。
上海朗阁雅思学校-南方雅思培训首选
国内最大的雅思培训基地。拥有上百位全职中外雅思专家,25人小班授课、中外专家联合执教、保分承诺
  韩企、日企定向培养 北京理工大学校本部招生
  中国人民大学计划外 北京文理研修学院招生

Beijing's history as a city can be dated back to 3,000 years ago. In the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC) and the Warring States Period (770-221BC), the Kingdom of Yan set up its capital here, and named it Ji. Beijing was an important city in the Qin Dynasty (221-206BC), the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD) and the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280). The other name of Beijing is Yanjing, because Wang Mang set up Dayan Kingdom at the end of the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-8AD). Beijing was the alternate capital of the Liao Kingdom in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), and the official capital of the Jin Kingdom (1115-1234). From then on, the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) with 34 emperors all designated Beijing as their capital.

Beijing is a world famous historical and cultural city as well as an old oriental capital. Its time-honored history left Beijing plenty of historical relics and colorful customs. The Great Wall and the Forbidden City show the wisdom and talent of the Chinese people in ancient times. The beautiful scenes and the wonderful architectures of the Summer Palace, the Beihai Park, the Fragrant Hill and the Heaven Temple make visitors on the scoop. 

Beijing is a well-known tourist city in the world. Its colorful customs -- the Old Cultural Street of the Imperial college and the Baiyun Taoist Temple Fair are important places for activities in traditional styles. The caterings of Beijing -- the Roast Duck of Quanjude, the mutton hot pot of Donglaishun are also unique. In Beijing, people can enjoy various cuisines from all over the country, such as Sichuan cuisine, Guangdong cuisine, Shandong cuisine, and Shanghai cuisine, etc.

As the center of the country, Beijing boasts remarkable advantages. Here gathers the offices of the Party, the Government and the Military, as well as headquarters of national companies, industrial associations and financial institutions. As a place for handling the country's international, domestic and social affairs of the county, Beijing produces lots of information everyday. Beijing is in the central place of the nation's financial decisions and macro-control. It is also China's most prosperous city in terms of science, education and culture, in that it covers all subjects of sciences and has strong research capabilities. Beijing is the communication pivot between China and the international community and, the most important center for international exchanges. Beijing exerts great impact on both china and the world as a whole.


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